List price £99:00

ISBN-13:978-0-85404-356-9

The Nobel Prize, bequeathed to the rest of the world by Alfred Nobel, is arguably the highest accolade. The Nobel Prize for Chemistry has been given for more than 100 years to reward the most important chemical discoveries and achievements in the preceding year, regardless of nationality. Nobel Laureate Contributions to 20th Century Chemistry provides detailed biographical information on each of the laureates and includes a summary of the chemistry that won them the prize. This well researched and detailed book also includes captivating lesser known facts and anecdotes about the scientists, revealing the personalities behind these great minds. There is also an interesting section mapping out the relationships (familial and professional) between the laureates. Each entry covers the laureates known honours and awards in historical context with their peers and also presents the scientist's own view of their work sourced from their Nobel lectures.

 

This book should appeal to anyone interested in science and the history of science and offers a fascinating insight into the most highly celebrated chemists of our time.

Nobel Laureate Contributions to 20th Century Chemistry

Price: £69:99

ISBN-13:978-0-85404-273-9

Carried in wallets and displayed in homes, photographs are a common, but often an overlooked feature of modern life. And, with the advent of digital technology many believe that the so called 'wet chemistry' behind old fashioned photography is a thing of the past - but is it?

The Chemistry of Photography endeavours to unravel the mysteries of picture taking and reflects on the diversity and complexity of the science. It gives readers an insight into the chemistry needed to generate pictures, spanning all mediums including still and motion picture as well as digital imaging.

Beginning with the components of conventional photography such as films and papers, the book also looks at light capture and amplification, negative films, processing solutions, colour transparencies, the chemistry of colour and motion picture films. The book concludes with a discussion of digital technology and new innovations in photography.

The Chemistry of Photography from classical to digital technologies

Price: £9.99

ISBN-13:978-0-9556064-9-6

A casual walk through Silsden shows it to be a thriving town with a few shops, pubs and other amenities, and yet it has not always been as it now appears. Even as early as 1939, official surveyors were working their way through the streets checking bridge loadings, road widths and buildings. At the time these engineers may have seemed a curiosity for the local residents. However in the early 1940s various army trucks started to arrive in the town followed by a constant stream of troops from a variety of regiments whose tasks became clear as the war progressed.

For Silsden, its residents and the wider area bordering the Yorkshire moors were to see soldiers train and prepare for the Normandy landings. Curiously, the part these soldiers played in Silsden life, on D-Day and through the remaining war years has hitherto been unrecorded. This oversight has been addressed by a local, former soldier who has painstakingly contacted local residents and some soldiers who were stationed in the area during the war.

This fascinating account places the various buildings occupied by troops and their vehicles and even traces the curbside tank damage still evident today.

Soldiers in Silsden 1939-45

Price: £7 

OR HIGHER DONATION

ISBN: NONE

It often falls to just a few individuals to collate this history and present it in a (hopefully) interesting format. Whilst I would not wish to speak on behalf of Arthur Dark I can say that I take full responsibility for any errors that I have recorded. I will gladly collate these errors for the next historian who takes up the challenge to record the next part of our school's history.

There are two parts to this historical record of Vaughan Nursery First and Middle School. Part 1 was written by Arthur Dark who was an attached humanities adviser for the London Borough of Harrow and a frequent visitor to the School in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The second part of this history was written by Dave Rogers whose two sons attended the school. Dave has also served as a School Governor since 1996.

Inevitably there will be events that have not been captured and people who have not been mentioned. Those events that have been captured, however, do serve to show the breadth and range of the school activities and they also act as an historical timeline of Harrow life both at the school and in the wider local and national context.

Vaughan Nursery, First and Middle School

The First One Hundred Years (1908 - 2008)

Price: £12

ISBN:978-1-906986-58-2

Our everyday lives are continually influenced by inventors whose ideas have led to commercial products available in most high streets across the civilised world. For the most part these creative individuals have remained relatively unknown. Yet some of the companies set up by the successful inventors survive to this day albeit with company names no longer associated with the original idea.

Volume 1 of this two volume set documents some of the key inventions from the 'Spinning Jenny' invented by Hargraves in the late eighteenth century, to some of the most commercially successful ideas of the early 20th century.

Inventions and their inventors Vol 1

Books in print

Civilians in Silsden 1939 - 45

In many respects wartime Silsden was much the same as any other small town in rural England. Yet the proximity to moors, mills, the railway and roads presented the town with some unique features. So much so that Silsden was a hive of activity during World War II providing some of the workforce for the nearby Ordnance Factory, manufacturing fine cotton for barrage balloons and hosting many troops stationed in the area.

Throughout this period Silsden residents gave of their time and talents providing shelter and raising much needed money to further the war effort. Sadly most of the experiences and knowledge of wartime Silsden has been lost. This brief account serves to preserve what memories and experiences are still available.

This second volume of the wartime period provides a unique insight into the trials and tribulations of those Silsden residents.

 

Price: £9.99

ISBN-13:978-0-9563502-0-6

The Future of Lean Sigma Thinking

in a Changing Business Environment

Offering business practitioners updated methods of lean thinking, this text explores the potential of grafting newer concepts of production onto the solid foundations of lean principles. The author begins by covering the basics of Six Sigma and the Toyota production system. He then moves on to recent advances in process understanding. Through analyzing changing attitudes within the system, the book addresses ways in which new products are developed using lean thinking and gives examples on how e-commerce plays a role in the production. It also incorporates the green agenda into the concept of lean thinking.

ISBN-13:978-1-4398510-2-9

Price: £25.99

Imprint: Productivity Press

 

Publishing date 18th May 2011

 

E-book format:

 

ISBN: 978-1-4398510-3-6

 

Price: £25.99

 

 

D-Day Beach Force

the men who turned chaos into order

The British Beach Groups were a combined force of men stationed on the Normandy Beaches from the initial landing until the last unit was disbanded a few weeks after D-Day. They performed many vital roles during the assault, including: arranging and controlling the movement of all personnel and vehicles from landing craft to inland assembly areas; moving stores from ship’s holds to dumps in the beach maintenance areas; developing and organising the beaches and beach maintenance areas for defence, movement and administration, including evacuation of casualties and the recovery vehicles; providing a beach signal function; organising the removal and repatriation of casualties, prisoners of war and salvaged equipment; creating dumps to hold petrol, ammunition, rations etc. that were being landed; and establishing assembly areas for arriving personnel and their vehicles.

 

This book uses stunning photographs and interviews with D-Day veterans to explore how this often-forgotten unit were the first to arrive and the last to leave one of history’s greatest military operations, and how their behind-the-scenes action saved lives and were essential for the success of the landings.

ISBN-13: 978-0-7524-6330-8

Price: £14.99

ISBN-13: 978-1-909384-21-7

Price: £ 19.95

Top Secret—British Boffins in

World War I

The early years of the 20th Century saw many advances in technology, for example aeroplanes were taking to the skies and wireless telegraphy becoming more available. There were also new war machines such as submarines and tanks. Additionally, pharmaceutical drugs and photographic components previously supplied from German manufacturers were no longer available during the Great War of 1914-18. Responding to some of the technical challenges, the Council of the Royal Society formed a War Committee, which in turn commissioned sub-committees concerned with chemistry, physics and engineering. Later, sub-committees relating to food, grain pests and the use of natural products were also initiated. For its part the Government formed the Admiralty Board of Invention and Research, the Munitions Invention Department, the Chemical Advisory Committee and others. Fellows of the Royal Society were key to both the Royal Society and Government initiatives. But who were the Fellows and why should they be of such strategic importance? Fellowship of the Royal Society is restricted, and requires individuals to be at the peak of their chosen scientific professions. All Fellows are experts in their chosen fields, which not only includes the traditional sciences, but also engineering and medicine. They are individuals whose scientific acumen, knowledge and skills are vital to solving seemingly intractable problems. It is no wonder that their expertise, opinions and help were sought during the dark days of the Great War. Remarkably, the exploits of the Fellows during the war are relatively unknown. Drawing from previously unpublished documents from the Royal Society archives deemed 'Secret' at the time, and wartime documents from the National Archives classified during the Great War as 'Subject to the Official Secrets Act', Top Secret: British Boffins in World War One brings a unique perspective on wartime inventions, research and developments from one of the darkest periods of 20th Century warfare. There are some remarkable examples of co-operation and effort often to tight deadlines using the utmost discretion. Some names may be familiar to you, some may not. All played their part, this is their story....

ISBN-13: 978-1-909982-08-6

Price: £ 19.95

Individually and collectively, the Fellows of the Royal Society were involved in many wartime activities. For example, prior to the outbreak of World War Two Her Majesty's Government decided to establish a Central Register of persons with 'professional, scientific, technical or higher administrative qualifications', for use in time of War, and entrusted this work to the Ministry of Labour. The Secretaries of the Royal Society discussed the project with officials from that Ministry, and at the beginning of 1939, started to compile the part of the Central Register which dealt with scientific research.

Some Fellows such as Sir Winston Churchill FRS, Albert Einstein ForMemRS, Alan Turing FRS, Sir Barnes Wallis FRS and Jan Christian Smuts FRS were either in the public eye during World War Two, or were the subject of films and documentaries soon afterwards. Equally there are individuals who have escaped the limelight. For example, Sir Harry Work Melville FRS was Scientific Adviser to the Chief Superintendent of Chemical Defence, Ministry of Supply (1940-1943) based mainly at Porton Down and Superintendent of the Radar Research Station at Malvern (1943-1945). Sir (Thomas) Angus Lyall Paton FRS organised staff for the supervision of a number of the reinforced concrete caissons and Phoenix units that formed part of Mulberry Harbours for the invasion of France, which incidentally were designed by Sir Bruce White. Of course Sir Frank Whittle OM CBE CB FRS also came to the public's attention for his war work on the jet engine.

Interestingly, William Michael Herbert Greaves FRS was appointed Astronomer Royal for Scotland, as well as Professor of Astronomy at Edinburgh University and was in charge of the Royal Observatory in Edinburgh. He helped to set up an independent time service there, in case the regular Greenwich time service should be completely disrupted. This service was run by Greaves with the help of only a very small staff. These, and many other stories, provide a fascinating and detailed picture of the men frequently labelled 'boffins', and the work they did during World War Two.

Men Amidst the Madness—British Technology Development in

World War II

ISBN-13: 978-1-909982-05-5

Price: £ 19.95

Arguably the Normandy landings were the most complex single operation in the history of modern warfare, maybe of any conflict. Spread over five beaches assigned to both the US and British/Canadian Forces, the need for detailed planning was paramount. There was obviously planning for the assembly of troops and the armada of ships, boats and tugs to transport the men and equipment to their destination. Yet this particular activity was fairly late in the planning stages. For example the Duplex Drive tanks used from D-Day onwards were the subject of a US patent which was filed on 13 March 1942 by N. Straussler.

The Beach Groups, a combined British Force comprising all three services, assembled in Scotland in the summer/autumn of 1943, and spent many months on manoeuvres. Operation PLUTO ('pipeline under the ocean') started on 14 August 1942, involving engineers, scientists and members of the armed forces working together to design and develop a pipeline capable of being deployed from the Isle of Wight to the Normandy Beaches, pumping fuel to Normandy.

Work on the Mulberry Harbour, the floating temporary harbour erected on two sites supplying British/Canadian soldiers from one beach and the American troops from another, commenced in 1941 at Garlieston, Scotland. Fabrication for the Phoenix caissons (the final chosen construction method) took place along the English South Coast. Some of the Phoenix caissons were abandoned where they were made and are still visible.

Further activities were planned to support the French and create an infrastructure. In one case the Royal Engineers landed a train in case the retreating Germans either destroyed the railway network or immobilised the trains. Additionally an organisation, known as Civil Affairs, moved in behind the tanks to set up civil administration. This unit moved slowly through France to Holland.

Destination D-Day– Preparations for the Invasion

of North West Europe in 1944

Undoubtedly, the Second World War was one of the darkest periods of history. With untold losses and countless with physical and mental scars, there was little to celebrate except the relief of closure. Yet what happened once the noise of the shelling subsided and the smoke dissipated?

Certainly, late 1940s peacetime Britain was far from easy. Unemployment, power cuts, rationing, national service etc. were difficult to deal with, especially taking into account the physical nature of even some of the most basic tasks. As thoughts turned to recovery of such issues as the economy and unemployment, there was still a need to maintain the Services to such a level that they could provide a peacetime presence in the Rhine area, for example. Of course there were individuals conscripted during the war who were needed for some of the physical rebuilding programmes, the release of whom required national service from the next generation of young men and women. The coal industry needed its men back in the mines, for example. The call up to national service and demobilisation led to a steady stream of young men and women needing either training or an occupation in civvy street. This was at a time when Service numbers needed to be reduced! A difficult balancing act to say the least.

The longer term issues of the day are still casting shadows – even now in the 21st century. For example, some of the concepts in the Education Act of 1944 are still used today and nationalisation of our transport infrastructure continues to be debated. Not forgetting of course that the Welfare State and the National Health Service were founded in the immediate post war years. Although undergoing evolution with time, the basic tenants of their foundation are as relevant today as they always were.

There is one legacy of the Second World War which has mushroomed into a world-wide phenomenon, that of the Paralympic Games. Rehabilitating returning Service personnel with spinal injuries often led to little by way of an active life. The work of Sir Ludwig Guttmann FRS, that of using sport as a means of effecting rehabilitation, has led to treatments beyond expectations.

ISBN-13: 978-1-910294-45-1

Price: £ 19.95

ISBN-13: 978-1-910294-46-8

Price: £ 19.95

Rebuilding Britain - the aftermath of the

Second World War

Shadow Factories - Britain’s Production

Facilities during World War II

Wartime is costly. Whilst the human cost is a burden which remains part of our every waking thoughts for many years after the end of the conflict, the physical cost, at least in some cases, is easier to deal with.

Some, if not most of the physical cost of war, is spent in the constant supply of materials including armaments and machines to the troops – wherever they happen to be fighting. Of course the Services have always needed supplies of uniforms, equipment and machines. However, the rate of expansion of the Services and the rate of consumption of armaments increases dramatically in wartime. Pre-war traditional manufacturers simply could not cope with the sudden increase in orders.

The only solution was to fabricate what was needed, in the Second World War at least, in additional factories. Shadow Factories was the term used to describe the use of third party factories and equipment used to manufacture components or complete units which were then passed on to the Services. These units could be anything from tanks, parts of aircraft to small pumps or rifles. The list was almost endless.

Clearly it would be impossible to walk into the nearest engineering shop and expect them to manufacture heavy components. The railway yards were used to dealing with heavy blocks of metals and so they were approached to help with heavier vehicles such as tanks. Similarly the motor manufacturers were asked to help out with producing trucks and jeeps, for example.

Of course this need necessitated formal contracts, and as far as possible discretion so that the German bombers could not locate and destroy vital sources of supplies. In some cases, such was the level of secrecy that components for aircraft for example, were fabricated in a number of shadow factories and assembled in a different location. In that way the exact engineering drawings could be more easily controlled and a stray bomb would only destroy part of the plans and planes.

Where relevant, examples are provided from across the United Kingdom and cover an extensive range of machines and vehicles. Some details will also be provided concerning armament shells, some of which were made in one site and filled in other facilities. The government departments were certainly kept busy keeping track of it all!

Britain’s Civilian Armies in the Second World War

The fight on the Home Front - Documentary Sources

IISBN-13: 978-1-911096-31-3

Price: £ 19.95

Whilst the men and women of national service age were called to arms in the various Services, a parallel process was being undertaken involving the civilian population. This initiative relied in the main on volunteers accepting challenges and committing to undertake duties - some of which were far outside the comfort of their day jobs, or indeed, their previous experiences. This recruitment drive involved many more members of the population, including men and women of all ages (some with experience of the First World War), and young adults - some of which had only recently left school. Most, though not all, were provided with uniforms or badges of office - signalling to one and all that they were involved in the war effort. Of course, there were exceptions in that some young men were sent to the mining industry instead of undertaking their National Service in the armed forces, for example. In this case, there was no uniform per se; however, these so-called 'Bevin Boys' did undertake a vital role in the war effort whilst remaining civilians. Unlike the start of the First World War, the importance to the war effort of women was recognised from the outset. Some were asked to help in the manufacture of armaments, which is not covered here. Others were asked to work on the land, with timber, on the canals... the list of the varied roles was extensive. Another facet of this civilian recruitment drive focused on our young adults, for they were recognised for their potential military roles in the future. To that end, many boys (and in some cases, girls) were put into uniforms and trained in various activities.

ISBN-13: 978-1-911512-08-0

Price: £ 19.95

Bullets, Bombs and Poison Gas

Supplying the troops on the Western Front 1914-1918

Documentary sources

Soldiers in the trenches were issued with four bullets a day unless they were either snipers or manned a machine gun. This does not seem like a lot of bullets. However, four bullets a day is 28 per week. Therefore a million soldiers need 28 million bullets per week. Of course there were a lot more than a million troops at the Western Front, so the number of required bullets was more than that! I realise that some of the soldiers performed vital service functions and some were busy on other duties, nevertheless there was a need for a lot of bullets. Supplying the troops was further complicated by the need to ensure that the many and varied shells were available for the howitzers, mortars and other artillery. Furthermore, there was a need for essential supplies of a whole manner of other materials, including rations for the troops and food for the many horses. Aircraft and tanks also started to make an appearance on the battlefield at this time which required supplies. Indeed there is one account of a horse drawn cart carrying aircraft fuel to the aeroplanes! The move to modern technology must have been interesting to watch. The static nature of battle was somewhat unique in the annals of warfare and led to the use of a narrow gauge railway network and a roll on roll off ferry port in Kent to speed deliveries along. Unfortunately, not all of the traffic was towards the trenches. Sadly there were many casualties who needed to return to the hospitals either in the field or back in Britain. The returning trains performed this vital function. Servicing this supply chain was a complex business, leading to some interesting issues.

ISBN-13: 978-1-911512-59-2

Price: £ 19.95

Defending Island Britain in

The Second World War

Documentary sources

Historically, one could argue that island nations were presented with a degree of comfort in being surrounded by water (especially so before the invention of flight and submarines); however, technological advances in the early part of the 20th century changed that completely. The advent of flight - and later, that of rocket-powered armaments - changed the way warfare was conducted. No longer did one need to travel on sea voyages to attack your enemies, for one could simply either drop bombs or send rockets into the very heartland of previously protected nations. Furthermore, the development of submarines ensured that island nations could be cut off from food supplies etc. more easily and with greater stealth than previously.

As the threat of coastal invasion intensified in the United Kingdom, vulnerable zones were identified - particularly from The Wash to the Dorset coastline and parts of Eastern Scotland. Once identified, these coastlines and an inland area (sometimes stretching for a few miles) became regions of concern from the potential need for rapid evacuation, and plans were also identified to deny the enemy resources within these zones, should there be an invasion. These competing needs led to many meetings and potential plans for the rapid movement of people and documents/offices etc.

Coastal defences were also erected and anti-aircraft measures enabled - some of which are still visible now more than 70 years later; there was much to do to protect these areas.

Our close proximity to Europe - and the unfolding scale of conflict - also brought challenges of their own (especially following the fall of France and Norway). Airfields once in Allied hands were quickly manned with Axis aircraft and personnel - making it possible for them to attack a far greater area of the United Kingdom's countryside and towns.

In amongst these challenges, the civilian and armed forces determined a path forward (some of the plans for which have never been documented). The following just scratches the surface of the ingenuity and bravery of many people and children